There are three ways to use sources in your writing: quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing. A summary is a short version of the long original source. The major aim of a summary should be to present specific, brief, and precise details from the initial text. To add, there are some guidelines to follow for an effective and quality summarizing of a journal article. In meeting the above condition, below are the things to do and those to avoid in archiving the main aim of a summary.
Ø Intensively read the journal until you understand it.
· Read through the article and understand the writer’s main ideas, topic, and the existing connection between the sections of the article. Reading and understanding the ideas in the article will help you write a comprehensive summary.
Ø Take notes of the keywords to use from the article
· Re-read the article again as you note down the key points illustrated in the article. Ensure to use the writer’s keywords to enable your summary to maintain the information from the source.
Ø Cite your work using appropriate in-text citation and a reference at the end of your paper
· A summary is not your original idea hence, the information should be well cited. Citing your summary will help you avoid your work being plagiarized for using someone’s information without acknowledging them.
Ø Avoid using direct quotations of the text from the article
· Quotations are less necessary for a journal article summary, thus major on paraphrasing the message when writing your summary.
Ø Refrain from using passive voice
· Use the active voice when summarizing your article to enable you to maintain a corresponding grammatical configuration all through your paper.
With enough practice and considering the above guidelines, you can write a good composed summary of a journal article.